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Testicular Cancer: Understanding, Awareness and Ultrasound

April is not only the time when spring is in full swing but also when we raise awareness about testicular cancer.

Testicular Cancer Awareness Month aims to educate people about this often overlooked but significant health concern. It's an opportunity to spread awareness about the risk factors, symptoms, and the importance of early detection and treatment.

Testicular Ultrasound Scan

Understanding Testicular Cancer:

Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles, which are part of the male reproductive system. Although it is relatively rare compared to other types of cancer, it is the most common cancer in young men aged between 15 and 35. According to the American Cancer Society, about 9,000 new cases of testicular cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States.

Risk Factors:

While the exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, several risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing it. These include:

Age: Testicular cancer is more common in younger men, particularly those between the ages of 15 and 35.

Cryptorchidism: This is a condition where one or both testicles fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum before birth.

Family history: Men with a family history of testicular cancer are at a higher risk.

Race: Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in men of other races.

Normal Testes seen via Ultrasound
James Arthur visits Private Ultrasound Scans London

Signs and Symptoms:

One of the most critical aspects of fighting testicular cancer is early detection. Knowing the signs and symptoms can help in catching it early. Some common symptoms include:

A lump or swelling in one or both testicles: This is often the first sign of testicular cancer.

Aching or heaviness in the lower abdomen or scrotum

A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum

Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum

It’s important to note that these symptoms are not exclusive to testicular cancer and can be caused by other conditions. However, if you experience any of these symptoms, it’s essential to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Early Detection and Treatment:

The good news is that testicular cancer is highly treatable, especially when detected early. Regular self-examinations can help in early detection. Men should perform monthly self-examinations, which involve gently feeling the testicles for any lumps, swelling, or changes in size or shape.

If you notice any abnormalities during self-examination or experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional promptly. Your doctor may perform further tests and will refer you for an ultrasound or blood tests, to diagnose the condition accurately.

Treatment for testicular cancer typically involves surgery to remove the affected testicle, known as a radical inguinal orchiectomy. In some cases, additional treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be necessary.

Spreading Awareness:

Testicular Cancer Awareness Month is an opportunity to spread the word about this disease and encourage men to take charge of their health. By raising awareness, we can help ensure that more men are educated about the risk factors, symptoms, and importance of early detection.

For a testicular ultrasound scan at Private Ultrasound follow this link to book your appointment 

There are no waiting times, we can fit your scan appointment on the same day, 6 days a week, without a GP referral needed. Choose to have your scan performed by our Senior Sonographer or Consultant Radiologist.

Dr Chris Harvey Radiologist Consultant
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